Finland's Official language

 What languages are spoken in Finland?

What is the Official language of Finland?

There are more than 1 hundred and 50 different languages spoken in the country of Finland. There are two official languages of Finland (Finnish and Swedish) In addition to the two official languages the country has other languages that have their 'users' rights that are written down in the law. Sami languages are spoken by the indigenous populations of Finland. The other autochthonous languages that have a long history in the country of Finland include Finnish Romani, Finnish sign language, Karelian, and Finland-Swedish sign language.

The Three Most Spoken Languages of Finland

Finnish

With approximately 88.88% population of Finland speaks Finnish. Which is the 4,868,751 people of Finland's population, the Finnish language is widely spoken by the majority in the country. The Finnish language dates back about 500 hundred years and a little less closely related to the Sami languages and closely related to Estonian languages. Additionally, The Finnic languages belong to the Uralic language family. Therefore Finnish is distantly related to various languages as diverse as the Siberian Samoyedic language and Ugric language of Hungary known as Nenets.

Swedish

Approximately about by 9 million people in the world speak Swedish as their mother tongue. In Finland country, about 290,747 people speak the language which is equivalent to 5.31percent of the country's total population. About 92.5 percent of Swedish speakers in the country hail from the autonomous province of Åland. During the start of the 20th century, the number of Swedish speakers represented an equivalent of 14 percent of the total population of the country of Finland. However, with the passage of time their numbers have since gone down. In 2012 about by 44 percent of the country's citizens who registered a different primary language could converse in Swedish. Being considered as a North Germanic language and sub-branch of Indo-European, Swedish is closely related to Danish, German, English, and Norwegian languages. Until the late 19th century, the country of Finland’s language of administration was the Swedish language. Together with Finnish language, in Finland schools they are the compulsory languages with the only exception being children with a third language as their native language. Porvoo, Vaasa, Helsinki and Espoo are 4 of the largest Swedish-speaking communities in the country of Finland. Finland-Swedish are the leading Swedish dialects that are spoken in the country of Finland.

Third most spoken language of Finland

Russian

Russian language is the country's 3rd most spoken language with approximately 69,614 speakers which is 1.27 percent of the total population of the country of Finland. As a result of the former Soviet influence in the Europe, the Country's older generations is most likely to speak Russian language either as a 3rd or fourth language. However, the language is not so much famous and popular among the younger generations since it is quickly being replaced by the language of English. As a matter of fact, the country of Finland is ranked among the world's top four countries that are fluent in speaking English language. Despite in Finland the language not having an official status; historically, Russian language served as the 3rd co-official language in the country. Together with the Swedish languages and Finnish languages, Russian language was a co-official language for a brief moment between 1900 and 1917.

Other Languages Spoken In Finland

Besides the Åland, all municipalities in the country whose residents speak both official languages account for at least three thousand people equivalent to about 8 percent of the population. There are many other languages that are spoken in the country of Finland either as a native language or as a side language. The other languages includes the Estonian language accounting for 0.84 percent of the population, English language with 0.31 percent, Somali language with 0.31 percent, Arabic language with 0.27 percent, Kurdish language with 0.20 percent, Chinese language with 0.18 percent, Albanian language with 0.16 percent, Persian language with 0.15 percent, Thai language with 0.15 percent, Vietnamese language with 0.14 percent, Turkish language with 0.12 percent, Spanish language with 0.12 percent, and German language with 0.11 percent. Other languages and Sami account for 1.34 percent and 0.04 percent of the total population of Finland respectively.

How many languages are spoken in Finland?

Rank

Languages

No. of speakers (>5,000)

% Of Population Speaking The Language

#1

Finnish language

4868751

88.98 percent

#2

Swedish language

290747

5.31 percent

#3

Russian language

69614

1.27 percent

#4

Estonian language

38364

0.84 percent

#5

English language

16732

0.31 percent

#6

Somali language

16721

0.31 percent

#7

Arabic language

14825

0.27 percent

#8

Kurdish language

10731

0.20 percent

#9

Chinese language

10110

0.18 percent

#10

Albanian language

8754

0.16 percent

#11

Persian language

8103

0.15 percent

#12

Thai language

8038

0.15 percent

#13

Vietnamese language

7532

0.14 percent

#14

Turkish language

6766

0.12 percent

#15

Spanish language

6583

0.12 percent

#16

German language

6059

0.11 percent

#17

Sami languages

1949

0.04 percent

#18

Other languages

73543

1.34 percent

 

 if you want to know more about Finland Culture, religion, languages. Customs and traditions click here (Finland Culture and Traditions)

 

No comments