Finland Culture, Custom and Traditions

 Culture Name: Finnish Finn, Finlander

The Finnish culture is a combination of the numerous native customs which are represented by their national languages (Germanic Swedish & Uralic Finnish), The European,the sauna,  and the Nordic traditions. Due to their history and geographical location, including the Russians the country of Finland was heavily influenced by various communities, Swedish, plus numerous Baltic and Finnic people. The Finnish culture is built upon their tradition of egalitarianism and traditional livelihood. In Finland Cultural differences still exist between different regions mainly the difference in vocabularies and accents and dialects.

Population of Finland

The current population of the country of Finland is 5,550,302 as of Friday, August 13, 2021, based on the Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.

History Of Finnish Culture/ Finland culture history

Present-Day Finland was a part of the culture of Kunda up to 5000BC, and from 4200BC to 2000BC it belonged to the Comb Ceramic culture. The culture of Kiukainen arrived in the southwestern coastal region around 2000BC. The Swedish crown began incorporating Finland from 11 hundred to 12 hundred, but the Novgorod tried to gain the control of the area, and this resulted in numerous wars which Muscovy and Russia joined from 1400 to 1700. In 1721 the Swedish dominance in the Baltic region ended with the signing of the Nystad peace treaty. The area was annexed to the Russian country in 1809 for over a century. Both the country of Russian and the country of Swedish cultures influenced Karelia (the place where the Russian and the Swedish people fought).

How many religions are there in Finland?

Main Religion of Finland

People of Finland

Finns are the people that are Finnish-speaking people living in Finland. As per their dialects the Finns are divided into smaller subgroups, but the Urbanization and the internal migration have reduced the importance of the grouping. Their society encourages equality and liberalism. Their traditional religious beliefs were heavily influenced by the Baltic paganism and Norse., which changed during the 12th century when Christianity arrived in the country of Finland. Currently, about 1.1 percent of the population of Finland worship in the Finnish-Orthodox church while 72.8 percent belong to the Evangelism Lutheran Church.

What languages are spoken in Finland?

With approximately 88.88% population of Finland speaks Finnish. Which is the 4,868,751 people of Finland's population, the Finnish language is widely spoken by the majority in the country. Approximately about by 9 million people in the world speak Swedish as their mother tongue. In Finland country, about 290,747 people speak the language which is equivalent to 5.31 percent of the country's total population. for knowing more about Finland languages in details click here (Most Spoken Language in Finland). 

Native Subcultures of Finland

The country of Finland has a very long history of the subcultures with the biggest being the Swedish-speaking Finns. The Swedish speaking Finns have their Swedish daily newspaper based in the Swedish People’s party and Helsinki which has been a crucial part of their culture. The Swedish speaking Finns have their traditions. Another subculture in the country of Finland belongs to the Sami people who live in the Lapland area. Finish is not native language of the Sami people, and they lead a nomadic life-style just like the Gypsies who have been in the country of Finland since the 17th century.

Festivals And Traditions of Finland

In Finland the traditions and holidays are a perfect blend of their Christianity and pagan customs. Their Christmas follows Christmas trees traditions and Advent calendars. The Finnish Christmas starts on 23rd of December and and ends after 26th of December. On Christmas Eve Gifts are given, and people in the country eat on Christmas day which is followed by sauna.

The Finnish Easter holiday is a blend of Christian and pagan customs. The small child usually well dress up and go around giving Daffodils door to door and getting sweets in return on the Holy Saturday or Palm Sunday. One of a pagan tradition is done during the Easter weekend is burning of bonfires to keep the witches away. The exchange of the Daffodils for sweets resembles the Halloween holiday.

A sauna is a dry steam bath that is widely popular in the country of Finland. Saunas have a Proto Finnish origin which dates back to seven thousand years ago. The purpose of saunas is to bathe while the opening up of the skin pores heat helps with cleansing.

For knowing about What are the other languages are spoken in Finland click here (Finland most spoken languages)

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