A brief View about Continent of the South America

Geography and some basic Things about the Continent of South America

The continent of South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, and its small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a Subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Portuguese-speaking and Spanish speaking regions of the Americas. Officially in the Continent of the South America there are two languages are spoken. The reference to South America instead of other regions like Southern Cone or the Latin America has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil.

The Continent of the South America is bordered on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean and on the west by the Pacific Ocean; Caribbean Sea and the North America lie to the northwest. There are 12 Sovereign states are included by it.  (Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Uruguay, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela), a part of France (French Guiana), and a non-sovereign area (the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory though this is disputed by Argentina). In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Tobago, Kingdom of the Netherlands and Trinidad, and Panama may also be considered as a part of the Continent of the South America.

The area of the Continent of the South America has 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi). The Continent of the South American population is equivalent to 5.53% of the total world population. The Continent of the South America ranks number 1 in Caribbean and the Latin America among sub-regions ranked by the Population. The density of the population in the Continent of the South America is 25 per Km2 (64 people per mi2). Its 90 % population is urban (368,408,682 people in 2019). Its population was as of 2018 had been estimated at more than 423.5 million. The Continent of the South Americas according to the ranks is on the forth number in area (after Asia, North America and Africa) and fifth in population (Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). By far the Brazil is most populous South American country, with more than half of the continent's population, followed by Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Argentina, Venezuela. In recent decades Brazil has also concentrated half of the region's GDP and has become a first regional power.

Most of the population lives near the continent's eastern or western coasts while the interior and the far South are sparsely populated. The Western South Americas geography is dominated by the mountains of Andes; in contrast, the eastern part contains both vast lowland and highland regions where rivers such as the Orinoco, Amazon and Parana flow. Most of the continent lies in the tropics.

The continent's ethnic and cultural outlook has its origin with the interaction of indigenous people’s with European Immigrants and conquerors, more locally, with the slaves of Africa. Given a long history of the colonialism, the overwhelming majority of South Americans speak Spanish or Portuguese, and Western traditions are reflected by the states and societies.

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