How many languages are spoken in Poland

 What languages are spoken in Poland?

Languges spoken in Poland?

Poland has a population of more than 38 million and it is located in East-Central Europe. Poland has a long history of multiculturalism, with the diverse ethnic groups that continue to exist today. Despite of this diversity, Poland has the highest rate of linguistic homogeneity in Europe.

Official language of Poland

Polish is the official language of Poland. In Poland there are more than 38 million people speak Polish as their first language, which represents 97% of the population speak polish within country.

Polish belong to the indo-European language family and is considered a West Slavic language. And this language development dates back to the 10th century AD, when the tribes of Oder and Vistula were united under Mieszko I. Because these local people shared similar kind of languages, with the help of adopted Latin alphabet a new standardized version began to form. Across large regions of Eastern Europe between 1500 and 1700, Polish was lingua franca or was a common language. It is the ancient and continuously used, non-Christian that is related to the Slavic language and has been used for both governmental and literature purposes without interruption since at least the 1500s.

Officially Recognized Minority Languages Of Poland

Officially Minority languages of Poland

Following are the minority languages of Poland. In other words we can say foreigner languages spoken within Poland, and their corresponding number of  people who speak these languages are: Kashubian spoken by (108,140 people); German spoken by (96,461 people); Belarusian spoken by (26,448 people); Ukrainian spoken by (24,549 people); Romany spoken by (14,468 people); Rusyn spoken by (6,279 people); Lithuanian spoken by (5,303 poeple); Armenian spoken by (2,000 people); Hungarian spoken by (1,000 people); Slovak spoken by (1,000 people); and Czech spoken by (1,000 people). And there are other officially recognized minority languages that are spoken within country include Yiddish, Karaim, Hebrew and Tartar.

Of these minority languages, Kashubian is the most widely spoken language within Poland, and that langauge belongs to the Lechitic group of Slavic languages. It is believed to have started from the language of the Pomeranian indigenous group, who are said to have arrived in area prior to the Poles. Over the time it has been influenced by Polabian, Old Prussian and the Low German languages. Kashubian language is often considered a dialect of the Pomeranian language. The language itself has a number of different dialects and Kashubian speakers from the north area may have difficulty understanding Kashubian speakers from the south area.

Unofficial Minority Languages of Poland

Unofficial Poland’s Minority languages

A number of different minority languages spoken throughout Poland have not been officially recognized by the government. These include the foreign languages, immigrant languages, Silesian, and Wymysorys. Interestingly, Silesian is the second most widely spoken language in Poland. At home Approximately 529,377 individuals report speaking this language. However, Silesian has not been officially recognized by the government due to a dispute among linguists as to whether it is a dialect or a distinct language of Polish. Silesian language is often listed as a sub-language of the Lechitic language group, that belonging to the Slavic family. Additionally, Silesian language has been influenced by the Central German language. It is primarily spoken in the Upper area of Silesia, which is divided between the northeastern region of the Czech Republic and the southwestern region of Poland. The Wymysorys belongs to the West Germanic language group and is currently used in only Wilamowice, a town that is between Silesia and Lesser Poland. And it is listed as an endangered language due to its small population of native speakers within country. There are only 70 to 100 individuals report fluency in Wymysorys, all of whom are elderly adults and old age people.

Languages that are Used At Home in Poland



Number of Speakers in Poland


Polish language



Silesian langauge



Kashubian langauge



English langauge



German langauge



Belarusian langauge



Ukrainian langauge



Russian langauge



Romany langauge






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